COP26: Kyrgyzstan's climate commitments

Credit Photo by Tatiana Voltskaia, RFER/RL

COP26: Kyrgyzstan's climate commitments

Kyrgyzstan is among the 195 countries that ratified the Paris Agreement in 2015. All states are obliged to take appropriate measures to prevent the rise in temperature on the planet by more than two degrees.

Dastan Abdyldaev, director of the Climate Finance Center at the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, said Kyrgyzstan could achieve its NDC plans only with the help of the international community.

"All the planned activities and national goals will be achieved with the financial support of international organizations and developed countries. We are ready to allocate funds from the Kyrgyz side in targeted, consistent directions and to carry out an essential work. Priority sectors are energy, transport, agriculture, and water management. At the COP26 in Glasgow, President Sadir Japarov also stressed that we will achieve our goal by implementing many structural reforms in these areas. In addition, the document on the national contribution of Kyrgyzstan to climate change, adapted under the Paris Agreement, stipulates this work."

How do the funds come?

The President of Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov made his speech at COP26 on November 2. He was the only leader from Central Asia to attend the event.

Japarov said a total of $7 billion was needed to adapt to climate change and preserve Kyrgyzstan's ecosystems and biodiversity.

The President's address at the summit is being discussed by experts on the green economy and climate in Kyrgyzstan. Umbriel Temiraliev, a green economy expert, said the president's participation in the COP26 Glasgow world leaders' summit was important for a small country like Kyrgyzstan.

"I consider it a great achievement that the president went to Glasgow and addressed the rostrum," he said. Secondly, his appeal was justified. Of course, the head of state could have strengthened his speech not only with the need to build hydropower plants but also with specific issues. Japarov's estimate is $3 billion and $7 billion, respectively. In order to attract these funds to the country, the state must do two things. First of all, the treasury should be financially ready to implement large projects, perhaps allocate land, and work with partners. Second, our private sector needs to be more proactive in climate policy. This is because our country is not rich and cannot participate in international funding alone. In fact, without a common national policy, it is very difficult to bring the billion-dollar source of funding that the president mentioned. Donors often provide grants in the amount of several million. Such a small amount of money is not enough to make national investments in climate change.”

Kyrgyzstan has recently defined its NDC to climate negotiations. It is known that the ecosystem of Kyrgyzstan is damaged as never before, and the number of plants and animals is declining. About 1% of the world's biodiversity is found in Kyrgyzstan; it is home to about 26,500 species of plants, animals, viruses, bacteria, and other living organisms. 

Kyrgyzstan is also suffering from the drought that has dried up Central Asia. The summer rains did not arrive, and water shortages have exacerbated economic problems. Moreover, it is clear that due to Soviet-era concrete canals and irrigation infrastructure, much of the water has seeped into the ground halfway, leaving the old system unable to meet the new requirements.

This story was originally published in Azattyk in Kyrgyz on November 4, 2021. It was produced as part of the 2021 Climate Change Media Partnership, a journalism fellowship organized by Internews' Earth Journalism Network and the Stanley Center for Peace and Security.

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