India Announces Successful Phase-Out of Ozone-Depleting Chemical

An shot of the sky at sunset with an airplane flying through the clouds
Press Trust of India
United Arab Emirates
India Announces Successful Phase-Out of Ozone-Depleting Chemical

India has successfully phased out ozone-depleting and climate-warming chemical HCFC-141b and is ahead of schedule in eliminating other such gas hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in new equipment manufacturing, according to a government report launched in Dubai on Sunday during the COP28 global climate talks.

The report, jointly brought by India's environment ministry and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), during a side-event of the annual climate talks, said that India has surpassed the 35% phase-out target for HCFCs and achieved an impressive 44% reduction, showcasing its commitment to collaboration and innovation to meet climate targets.

India’s proactive measures, outlined in the HCFC Phase-Out Management Plan (HPMP) Stage-II, have set a remarkable example for global climate action, the report said.

The report said India has successfully phased out ozone-depleting and climate-warming chemical 1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b) and is ahead of schedule in eliminating other such gas HCFCs in new equipment manufacturing.

Environment secretary Leena Nandan said India has demonstrated a convergent and collaborative approach in implementing measures to address ozone-affecting substances.

“Today, we are not only meeting our climate commitments but also leading the way in achieving our ambitious targets,” she said.

Nandan highlighted India’s commitment to environmental protection and climate mitigation through compliant management and disposal of refrigerants in end-of-life Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) equipment, aligning with e-waste Management Rules and Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) guidelines.

Speaking about India’s broader climate goals, Nandan emphasized the country’s commitment to decoupling emissions from economic growth.

“India has achieved a significant 33% reduction in emission intensity of the economy in 2019, surpassing the target set for 2030,” she said.

Nandan further stressed India’s dedication to sustainable development, saying, “India does not sit back on its achievements. We have gone on to scale up our climate emissions even higher, reflecting our concern that as a global fraternity, we need to do much more to tackle the problem of climate change.”

Noting that cooling plays a vital role in diverse sectors like residential and commercial buildings, cold-chain, refrigeration, transport and industries, the report said that anticipating increased demand due to economic growth, rising per capita income, population growth and urbanization, an integrated long-term vision, has led to the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP).

“This multi-stakeholder initiative employs a consultative approach to synchronize efforts across sectors, addressing cooling demand sustainably and ensuring access to efficient cooling methods,” it said.

The India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP), a multi-stakeholder initiative, was emphasized as a model for many countries, addressing cooling demand sustainably and ensuring access to efficient cooling methods.

The publication provides insights into India’s initiatives and synergies with international environmental commitments, showcasing the nation’s efforts toward a sustainable and responsible approach to cooling.

The event featured a panel discussion moderated by Dr. Ashish Chaturvedi, head of Action for Climate and Environment at UNDP India, where business leaders and technical agencies presented their perspectives on sustainable cooling.


This story was produced as part of the 2023 Climate Change Media Partnership, a journalism fellowship organized by Internews’ Earth Journalism Network and the Stanley Center for Peace and Security. It was first published by Press Trust of India on December 3, 2023.

Banner image: An airplane flies over Gurugram, India / Credit: Alok Sharma via Unsplash.

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