The Mekong Delta is the most important area for agricultural production in Vietnam, which accounts for 50% of rice, 70% of fruit, and 52% of fishery output and contributes 90% of rice and 60% of the seafood export turnover of the country. However, local people are still poorer than the national average.
GDP per capita of the delta in 2006 is estimated at $493, compared to the country’s average of $729. There are three million families in the delta and up to 70% live in temporary houses. A large number of people do not have farmland. About 4 million out of 18 million people in the region are still living in poverty.
In Ca Mau province, over 34,000 households in the region are considered poor and over 17,000 households are near-poor, accounting for 12% and 6% of the total households.
A boy collects plastic bottles to sell for money to help his family in Cha Va village, Lam Hai commune, Nam Can district, Ca Mau province. The boy said he could earn VND20,000 to VND50,000 ($0.8-2.3) a day.
Children are playing in Xa Pho village, Nam Can district, Ca Mau.
At a coastal hamlet in Xa Pho Village, Nam Can district, Ca Mau.
Children playing in Xom Bien Village, Rach Gia City, Kien Giang province