A report by Corporate Accountability, Global Witness and Corporate Europe Observatory revealed that the meeting was attended by 636 representatives of the oil and gas industries. This figure is 25% higher than the number of fossil fuel lobbyists who attended COP26, held in Scotland in 2021.
“The fossil fuel lobby at the COP is larger than the combined total of the eight delegations from the countries most affected by climate change in the last two decades: Puerto Rico, Myanmar, Haiti, Philippines, Mozambique, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Pakistan,” the report concludes.
The analysis also found that 29 countries have oil and gas companies as part of their national delegations. "After the United Arab Emirates, Russia has the second largest number," they stated.
The presence of companies responsible for the climate crisis as part of COP27 is not new. At the beginning of October, it was announced that Coca Cola, one of the most polluting companies due to the production of plastic waste, joined as a partner in the financing of the climate summit. Civil society activists criticized this announcement for using the sponsorship as greenwashing.
Another report by Carbon Brief revealed that Brazil and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), two of the countries that contribute greatly to the climate crisis due to emissions generated by the oil industry and deforestation, brought the largest number of representatives. The UAE stands out as the country with the largest number of possible participants in the climate summit, with 1,073 people. Also, the analysis of the preliminary list of attendees revealed that Brazil is the second nation with the largest number of attendees: 574. The report analyzed the preliminary list of attendees at COP27 published by the UN. However, they warn that the final list of attendees to the event will be known only at the end.
UAE stands out as the country with the largest number of potential participants in the climate summit, with 1,073 people. This nation, which will host the next COP28, announced that it will not abandon fossil fuels in the near future.
"The UAE is known as a responsible energy provider and will continue to play this role, as long as the world needs oil and gas," the head of state said on the first day of the Leaders' Summit.
Analysis of the preliminary list of attendees also revealed that Brazil is the nation with the second highest number of attendees: 574. This country, whose deforestation registered alarming levels during the administration of President Jair Bolsonaro, has been touted as a possible venue for COP30.
Finally, the Carbon Brief report also makes a global study of the figures presented. According to the provisional list, the summit held in Sharm el-Sheikh would be the second largest in history with 33,000 delegates.
The first is occupied by COP26 in Glasgow with 38,457 attendees. The global analysis also showed that there is still a low presence of women, who represented only 37% compared to 63% of men.
This story was produced as part of the 2022 Climate Change Media Partnership, a journalism fellowship organized by Internews' Earth Journalism Network and the Stanley Center for Peace and Security. It was first published in Ojo Publico on 11 November 2022. It has been translated from Spanish to English and has been lightly edited for length and clarity.
Banner image: The United Arab Emirates will host COP28 / Credit: Ojo Publico.